Lukács, in his central text of History and Class Consciousness, and its central essay “Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat,” in particular, points . This book reads Georg Lukács’s History and Class Consciousness through the drafts of his unfinished philosophy of art (the so-called “Heidelberg Aesthetics”). Keywords: Lukács; Heidegger; Authenticity; Reification; Ontology. 1. Lukács on reification and Marxian alienation. Engels invented classical Marxism in Ludwig.

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Epic poetry in Homeric times takes its starting point from a world which constituted a closed totality Hence it is reificattion to be wondered at that the personal rekfication of economic relations was still understood clearly on occasion at the start of capitalist development, but that as the process advanced and forms became more complex and less direct, it became increasingly difficult and rare to find anyone penetrating the veil of reification.

The commodity character of the commodity, the abstract, quantitative mode of calculability shows itself here in its purest form: The party orthodoxy, however, was not quite so enamored.

This unity expressed itself in the fact that the problems of consciousness arising from wage-labour were repeated in the ruling class in a refined and spiritualised, but, for that very reason, more intensified form. The distinction also has repercussions upon the nature and validity of the category itself.

This approach leads to two possible outcomes: It has already been pointed out that the division of labour disrupts every organically unified process of work and life and breaks it down into its components. In consequence of the rationalisation of the work-process the human qualities and idiosyncrasies of reificatlon worker appear increasingly as mere sources of error when contrasted with these abstract special laws functioning according to rational predictions.


The capitalist production of commodities exhibits totalitarian qualities. And once those conditions have been ,ukacs, the hypothetical construction of their revolutionary transformation rebounds back on the philosophical concepts and shows how their contradictions can be resolved.

The latter turns into the objective synthesis of rationalised special systems whose unity is determined by pure calculation and which must therefore seem to be arbitrarily connected with each other. Despite ubiquitous social networks, we are still far from the formation of a type of public sphere in which individuals who are habituated to reifying structures can transform their heteronomy into self-determined processes of communicative reason. The nearly one hundred years of the reception of History and Class Consciousness demonstrates that there are many, quite divergent modes by which one can approach History and Class Consciousness.

The form which commodities acquire due to this fetishism i.

Philosophy can attempt to assemble the whole of knowledge encyclopaedically see Wundt. In the remaining cases, the original publication is cited.

Thus philosophy stands in the same relation to the special sciences as they do with respect to empirical reality. That was an ambitious attempt to respond reificatikn a revolutionary situation in theoretical terms. This is the reason the products of labour become commodities, social things whose qualities are at the same time perceptible and imperceptible by the senses They consider philosophy to be the discipline in which the operative horizon of everyday life is raised to consciousness and subjected to rational criticism.

Georg [György] Lukács (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

There is both an objective and a subjective side to this phenomenon. This immanence of meaning and the totality it constituted was, however, lost in the subsequent historical development, transforming form into an external factor to life. But the paradox dissolves when we lukaacs that it arises only because the same situation has been regarded from two different points of view: That is to say, it depends on the reifiction to which the contemplative stance is repudiated.


The war waged against the revolutionary bourgeoisie, say, at the time of the French Revolution, was dominated to such an extent by this idea that it was inevitable that the natural rejfication of the bourgeoisie could only be opposed by yet another natural law see Burke and also Stahl.

In modernity, epic writing has no longer any distinct form that could express any particular relation between life and essence within a totality.

Georg Lukács’ Theory of Reification and the Idea of Socialism

Especially in domains that are removed from economic imperatives, such as art, the totalitarian strain of capitalism becomes evident. But for this the question of class would have to begin with the machine.

Hans Friesen et alii eds. That is where barter begins, and from here it strikes back into the interior of the community, decomposing it.

Refication cited as GW.

Reification requires that a society should learn to satisfy all its needs in terms of commodity exchange. They are, therefore, only to be explained in terms of the nature of industrial capitalism itself.

For that very reason the reified mind has come to regard them as the true representatives of his societal existence. If a rational calculation is to be possible the commodity owner must be in possession of the laws regulating every detail of his production. We are concerned above all with the principle at work here: