participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.
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However, the system does not allow such a practice, i. Methodology The herein presented research encompasses literature review and documentary research, as well as interviews done with a key-informant who participated in decisive moments related to the preparation of the National Conservation Unit System, which is a public policy that snucc the Wildlife Refuge category in Federal RVS creation and management By analyzing the 99885 that created the Federal Refuges, it was possible to see that only one of the seven existing refuges has some direct relation to the protection of fauna species among its goals.
Regarding the Amazon, the same plan determined the immediate establishment of National Parks and Forests.
Historical background of the brazilian conservation unit category Firstly, it is worth clarifying 99855 difference between protected areas and conservation units. Fial Considerations The Wildlife Refuge category was created from assumptions related to the protection of specific resources of restricted spatial or even seasonal occurrence, especially those concerning the fauna.
However, throughout the long SNUC development process, the category definition has undergone changes that led it to be differently applied in practice. The bill also prohibited the introduction of non-native species in the CUs, but it did not mention the exceptions related to the RVS category.
The authors highlight that no one paid attention to the interests of traditional communities at any time during the period of developmental actions by the military governmentespecially in the second half of the s.
The Geographical Journal, v. This lack of debate and regulation may also be seen in the plurality of opinions formed by the environmental analysts directly involved in the daily Wildlife Refuge management.
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On the other hand, Feldmann’s clean bill stated that “the private properties held in the Wildlife Refuges may breed domestic animals compatible with the unit’s purposes, according to its Management Plan” SOUZA,Annex A.
Their opinion is in accordance with the original inspiration mentioned in the current study. However, the recent events, as well as the increasing awareness about the complexity, will gradually give meaning to the actions taken in this direction nowadays.
Silva classifies the CU categories in three groups according to the land ownership origin and control. The herein presented research encompasses literature review and documentary research, as well as interviews done with a key-informant who participated in decisive moments related to the preparation of the National Conservation Unit System, which is a public policy that set the Wildlife Refuge category in The proposal contained 09 conservation unit categories divided in three groups, namely: However, the international debates had some influence in Brazil, so that one of the goals of the Second National Development Plan was “achieving development without deteriorating the quality of life and, especially, without devastating the national heritage of natural resources” MEDEIROS,p.
The greening of thought drives the time horizon expansion necessary for the understanding the environmental issue lfi. These rationalities would be those that coexist with the instrumental rationalities without necessarily submitting to them. It dnuc worth highlighting that the bill made clear that the Executive Power could limit or prohibit activities in conflict with the RVS creation purposes; however, such an item was deleted in Feldmann’s clean bill and it did not appear in SNUC.
As for the RVS category proposal, the subtle and main change it was subjected to was the focus on dnuc. Instrumental rationality may be defined as the economic and technological rationality system of beliefs, values, actions and production standards that sustains the modern capitalist and, therefore, dominant society LEFF, Regulamenta dispositivos da Lei no Lsi was observed that three different opinions on the category origin and on its current role find place in the debate proposed in the current research.
Firstly, it is worth clarifying the difference between protected areas and conservation units. According to Britoit was an important step for the legal establishment of Conservation Units with human presence. The management of conservation units is not on the agenda, snic it probably never was.
It is worth highlighting again that, according to SNUC law, the RVS category is focused on protecting “environments” rather than “endangered species”, as it occurs in the American National Wildlife Refuges. Most federal RVS have overall 9958 related to the protection of natural environments, but they do not mention the preservation of a specific resource, or snuuc seek to protect relatively small areas that safeguard certain aspect or stage of a natural process.
Sustainism is based on concepts such as eco-efficiency, ecological modernization and green economy and it values the positive relationship between economic development and environmental preservation.
This definition was included in Feldmann’s clean bill as “the one that does not involve consumption, collection, damage or destruction of natural suc SOUZA,Annex A and thus, sbuc was kept in the SNUC publication. The study investigated the possible origins of the aforementioned category in the SNUC context as well as the inspirations for its definition.
Thus, it would be applied to a context in which it would not be possible to protect the entire system, but only a key aspect of the process. The RVS category is a conservation unit in the full protection group, znuc. At that time, the government started the debates about the SNUC. However, although this standard is applicable to the RVS, the SNUC Law did not contemplate such incentive; thus, it means more bureaucratic procedures for the owners whose lands are covered by a Refuge.
April 04, ; Accepted: On the other hand, Derani cited by Medeiros, Leo and Garaypoints out that the Full Protection Units should not be subjected to urbanization or to agriculture.