Kashmiri embroidery or kashida is colourful and beautiful as Kashmir itself. Kashida embroidery splits into three types when referring to the motif design. Discover premium handmade Kashmiri pashmina shawls wraps for women and silk rugs. SEMINAR ON KASHIDA OF KASHMIR. Submitted byDeepika Bisht I.D Dept of Clothing and Textiles College of Home Science G.B.P.U.A&T.

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This embroidery was also witnessed on cushion covers, veils, bed covers, curtains, carpets, bags, dress materials and many other articles of daily and personal purposes, besides silk sareesjackets, stoles and shawls. There are various types of Chikan work: Smaller spangles are called ‘sitara’ and tiny dots made of badla are called ‘mukais’ or ‘mukesh’.

Kashmiri embroidery foresees a profitable future in the long run. The designs are first printed onto the fabric not with chaulk, but with a mixture of glue and indigo. The Punjab region also uses mukesh embroidery: Zardozi is either a synonym or a more elaborate version of zari where the gold or silver embroidery is embellished with pearls and precious stones, gota and kinari, making this art only affordable by rich people.

It is also known as Mochibharat, as it used to be done by mochis cobblers.

Embroidery of India

The Kashmiri tea-pot is a unique feature of Kashmiri embroidery. Bagh is an offshoot of phulkari and almost always follows a geometric pattern, with green as its basic colour. Animals and human figures are usually not part of their style of embroidery. It is called Chandua based on patchwork: Small rectangular pieces of kasbida are squeezed shut around some threads of the fabric.

There are two kinds of gold embroidery, one of a solid kasyida rich kind called kar-chob and the other called tila-kar or kar-chikan utilising gold thread.

Symbols inspired by the surroundings, and motifs are now woven in different shapes and sizes keeping kashidq trend quotient up on higher levels. Stylized sun, moon, stars and the eye of the peacock feathers are used in Toda embroidery.


The base cloth, whether wool or cottonis generally white or cream or a similar shade. Apart from clothes, it’s found on home furnishings like bed spreads, sofa and floor cushions, and pillow covers. Themes include human beings, animals, flowers, geometric designs and mythological figures.

It was initially only practiced in the workshops of the patrons, but gradually became a source of domestic employment, especially in the colder months when farming is not possible. This embroidery, like Kantha, is practiced by women. Nowadays Zardosi thread has a plastic core and a golden-coloured outside.

Stitches like Gavanti, Murgi, Negi and Menthi form intricate patterns like gopura, chariot, palanquin, lamps and conch shells, as well as peacocks and elephants, in fixed designs and patterns.

This ornamentation method originated in Persia during 13th century and involves little pieces of mirror in various sizes which are encased in the decoration of the fabric first by interlacing threads and then with buttonhole stitch.

Everything About Kashmiri Kashida Embroidery | Utsav Fashion Blog

Known to be one of the most ancient and traditional type of intrinsic art, Kashida Embroidery, also spelled as Kasida defines its cultural essence through the medium of bead and threadwork, which has gained maximum popularity, fame and recognition in the ethnic land of Jammu and Kashmir.

Since Kashmir is kaehmir the paradise of India, there is no dearth of motivation for the Kashmiri artisans to reflect the scenic beauty of Kashmir through threads. The Banni or Heer Bharat embroidery originates in Gujaratand is practiced mainly by the Lohana community.

Previous post Next post. There are many other intrinsic styles like sozni work, papier mache work and even hook or ari work which comes under the wings of this embroidery style, as traditional motifs like animals, birds, flowers, and fruits are woven into the fabric with the threads of gold, silver and other metallic colored threads which replicate the sheer essence of the mystic nature. The Toda embroidery has its origins in Tamil Nadu. Another is the khatao also called kash,ir or katava.

Kashida is oashmir done on canvas with crystal threads, but Kashida also employs pashmina and leather threads. Besides, even traditional ceremonies and rituals can be complimented with this artwork, as it possesses the ability to mold with any environment or season.


This delicate and traditional form of art was taken up by the younger men of Kashmir as a hereditary ownership from their ancestors.

Mirrorwork is very popular for cushion covers and bedcovers, purses and decorative hangings as well as in decorative borders in women’s salwar-kameez and sari. Its distinctive property is that the base is a dull hand-spun or khadi cloth, with bright coloured threads that cover it completely, leaving no gaps.

Intrinsic needlework and quality was webbed into the finest maze of creativity and innovation using a wide spread of colors and patterns which intertwined the mood and spirits of the craftsmen with the essence of the pure nature, and that too through the traditional form of embroidery which involved the role of one or two styles of embroidery stitching.

A Crafting Paradise “Kashmiri Embroidery” – Crafting Luxury Lifestyle

Clothing in the Indian subcontinent. The other hand feeds the thread from the underside, and the hook brings it up, making a chainstitch, but it is much quicker than pf done in the usual way: The craftsmen use shades that blend with the background.

The artisans usually create individual motifs or butis of animals and flowers rose, lotus, jasmine, creepers. Chikan embroidery on silk is Lucknow’s own innovation.

It’s usually found in combination with other types kqshmir stitches like cross stitch, buttonhole stitch and satin stitch, nowadays not only by hand but also by machine. Sometimes, the doori knot stitches are used but not more than one or two at a time. From rugs to shawls, from bags to kurtis, all kind of apparel and home decor today features intricate Kashida work in all its vibrancy.