Slavery (Romanian: robie) existed on the territory of present-day Romania from before the ), Vasile Alecsandri also wrote a short story, Istoria unui Galbân (“History of a gold coin”, ), while Gheorghe . 99; ^ Mihail Kogălniceanu, wikisource:ro:Dezrobirea țiganilor, ștergerea privilegiilor boierești, emanciparea. Originea si istoria tiganilor: Cum au ajuns in Europa. Mihai Mircea, “Cu privire la originea si istoria tiganilor,” Revista de cercetari sociale, nr. 4/ I. Muraru, “Studii constitutionale,” Ed. Actam (Bucuresti, ).

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Inthe situation was even more serious. The Tatar slaves, smaller in numbers, were eventually merged into the Roma population. The social history of the Gypsies during the years of Communism is directly linked to the iztoria history of the country as a whole. In many cases, they had not paid their rent, electricity bills etc.

The regulations attempted to sedenterize the Romas and train them till the land, encouraging them to settle on private estates. On the occasion, each individual over the age of 15 was required to pay a sum of between thirty and forty piastres.

Retrieved from ” https: The exact origins of slavery in the Danubian Principalities are not known. The different groups of the Gypsies adapted to these demands in specific ways.

Slavery was a common practice in Eastern Europe at the time see Slavery in medieval Europe. We will be glad to provide it with information about OpenEdition and its subscription offers.

One measure that directly affected the Gypsies was the confiscation of gold from private owners, according to decrees no. In the case of the Gypsies, the systematisation of the towns certainly had positive consequences with regard their living conditions. The moral and social problems posed by Roma slavery were first acknowledged during the Age of Enlightenmentfirstly by Western European visitors to the two countries.

Freemium Recommend to your library for acquisition. Professional reorientation, finding employment and other issues were treated as individual problems, which did not depend on the specificity of one ethnic group or another, and still less on the specificity of one or another group of Gypsies.


Central European University Press, Especially in towns, many Gypsies lost their ethnic identity. Gypsies lacking official identification were registered at the civil status office, measures were taken to legalise marriages between Gypsies, to send Gypsy children to school, to enlist Gypsies for military services and tuganilor supervise their hygiene.

Deportarea romilor în Transnistria – Wikipedia

It is, however, beyond doubt that the specificities of this population— i. Inthe Union was disbanded by the Communist authorities together with all other organisations that did not fit in with the totalitarian system.

The slavery of the Roma in bordering Transylvania was found especially in the fiefs and areas under the influence of Wallachia and Moldavia, these areas keeping their practice of slavery even after they were no longer under Wallachian or Moldavian possession. In any case, everywhere in the world, including in Western countries, the Gypsies are regarded as a problem from the point of view of their integration into modern society.

The evolution of Romanian society and the abolition of serfdom [ when?

Deportarea romilor în Transnistria

Gypsies living in large towns were the main protagonists on the black market that became a large-scale phenomenon in the final years of the Communist regime. Traditionally, Roma slaves were divided into three categories. Following the abolition, there were attempts both of the state and private initiatives to sedentize the nomads and to integrate the Roma people into the Romanian society, but they had a rather limited success.

Overall, there is tigqnilor doubt that the situation of the Gypsies improved in many respects: Peddling was practised by certain categories of Istpria either on the basis of official authorisation or on an tiiganilor basis. During the Wallachian Revolution ofthe agenda of the short-lived Provisional Government included the emancipation dezrobire of the Roma as one of the main social demands.


In the villages, the Gypsies built houses in the style of the majority population in the last decades of the regime. Consequently, the Gypsy caravans that had previously travelled from village to village disappeared from the landscape of the country.

The earliest law which freed a category of slaves was in March in Wallachia, which transferred the control of the state slaves owned by the prison authority to the local authorities, leading to their sedentarizing and becoming peasants.

The measure was brought about by a personal tragedy: They would bar-gain over the price of the work at the start of the hot season, when they would install themselves together with their entire family on the boundary of the respective village, where they would work until the delivery of the bricks.

The abolition of slavery was carried out following a campaign by young revolutionaries who embraced the liberal ideas of the Enlightenment. A situation was produced in which child benefits and social allowances for mothers were enough to ensure, on a basic level, the existence of a large number of families of Gypsies.

Bythere were only Aurari panning for gold in Wallachia.

By then, the institution of slavery was already established in Moldavia and possibly in both principalities, [3] but itganilor arrival of tiganilo Roma made slavery a widespread practice.

The Gypsies we have just mentioned make up an insignificant minority. Two villages were created in Southern BessarabiaCair and Faraonovca now both in Ukraine by settling Roma families. In some areas of the country, the bricks required in the villages were supplied by Gypsies specialised in this craft.