This test specifies a method for the determination of degree of acidity of gases evolved during combustion of the cable specimen by measuring its pH and. INTERNATIONALE IEC INTERNATIONAL STANDARD Deuxième édition. Second edition Essai sur les gaz émis lors de la combustion. Find IEC 1 related suppliers, manufacturers, products and specifications on GlobalSpec – a trusted source of IEC 1 information.

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Further, the exponent is not represented directly, but a bias is added so that the smallest representable exponent 574-1 represented as 1, with 0 used for subnormal numbers. The operations also include setting and accessing dynamic mode rounding direction, [32] and implementation-defined vector reduction operations such as sum, scaled product, and dot productwhose accuracy is unspecified by the standard.

There are three binary floating-point basic formats encoded with 32, 64 or bits and two decimal floating-point basic formats 574-1 with 64 or bits.

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The bit format is intended for the exchange or storage of small numbers e. The existing and bit formats follow this rule, but the and bit formats have more exponent bits 5 and 8 than this formula would provide 3 and 7, respectively. The encoding scheme for the decimal interchange formats similarly encodes the sign, exponent, and significand, but two different bit-level representations are defined. Consequently, a leading 1 can be implied rather than explicitly present in the memory encoding, and under the standard the explicitly represented part of the significand will lie between 0 and 1.

No other exception handling is required, but additional non-default alternatives are recommended see below. As stated previously, the binary32 and binary64 formats are identical to the single and double formats respectively of IEEE and are two of the most common formats used today. The stored value of a variable must always be used when evaluating subsequent expressions, rather than any precursor from before rounding and assigning to the variable.

Interchange formats are intended for the exchange of floating-point data using a fixed-length bit-string for a given format.

The standard defines five exceptions, each of which returns a default value and has a corresponding status flag that except in certain cases of underflow is raised when the exception occurs. The standard provides a predicate totalOrder which defines a total ordering for all floating point data for each format. These parameters uniquely describe the set of finite numbers combinations of sign, significand, and exponent for the given radix that it can represent.

Some numbers may have several possible exponential format representations.

A conforming implementation must fully implement at least one of the basic formats. Missing functions tanPi, asinPi and acosPi”. Additionally, operations like quantize when either operand is infinite, or when the result does not fit the destination format, will also signal invalid ied exception.

An extendable precision format allows the user to specify the precision and exponent range. Many hardware floating point units now use the IEEE standard.

For the binary formats, the representation is made unique by choosing the smallest representable exponent allowing the value to be represented exactly.

The reproducibility clause recommends that language standards should provide a means to write reproducible programs i. The standard also defines interchange formatswhich generalize these basic formats.

The standard requires operations to convert between basic formats and external character sequence formats.

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Conversion to an external character sequence must be such that conversion back using round to even will recover the original number. Articles with inconsistent citation formats Commons category link is on Wikidata Use dmy dates from January The oec and other exception mechanisms remain optional, as they were in IEEE This rule is called leading bit conventionimplicit bit conventionor hidden bit convention.

Clause 9 in the standard recommends fifty operations, that language standards should define. This is referred to as “preferredWidth” in the standard, and it should be possible to set this on a per block basis. Such a figure can be used to select an appropriate format given the 574-1 value of a number and the required precision.

The two options allow the significand to be encoded as a compressed sequence of decimal digits using densely packed decimal or alternatively as a binary integer. The asinPiacosPi and tanPi functions are not part of the standard because the feeling was that they were less necessary. Recommended arithmetic operations, which must round correctly: In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved 6 August