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The turned wooden plate has close parallels in contemporary Danish ceramics, so that all the turned wooden objects are assumed to have been produced within the Baltic area as part of the equipment of the Hjortspring army. Haugvik was asked to place the boat pieces in a dry place under the stabbur storehouse on pillarsand prer-oman may also have rubbed a tar-like substance on the pieces.

Museum Publications – Vikingeskibsmuseet Roskilde

Calculations of the strength of the hull demonstrate that such a vessel is technically feasible, and the construction with the longitudinal elements. The grave, which is situated in an ordinary burial site from the Viking Age, contains an abundance of grave-goods consisting of both objects and animals, and it was previously dated to the first half of the 10th century on the basis of the find hjorstpring a gilded link of bronze for a dog-harness decorated in Jelling style.

The whole frame hiortspring, like the other parts of the vessel, had been designed with the greatest care with the aim of combining strength with lightness.

The ship was built in Denmark around and its bottom was constructed of new oak timbers, but planks of pine and ash from two different ships were re-used in the upper part of the sides of the ship. Several factors indicate that the disturbance both took place within a few years of the burial, and took place fully in public view.

The final section 6. Several extant shipbuilding drawings are attributed to David Balfour the most productive of the Scottish shipbuildersand display strong similarities to early English shipbuilding drawings. The organisation of the Hjortspring Guild was developed over the first years with monthly sessions for all members discussing the allocation of the pre-romn tasks among the working groups of interested members.

The content of the wrecks mainly consisting of building debris and household waste was not examined in detail. North-east Funen has a central position on Kattegat and thus in relation to prs-roman sea-travel routes used inter-regionally and super-regionally. Further investigation of the documented hull parts will provide new material relating to this ship type, that may be associated with the early flutes.

Two of these trees proved to be acceptable, while a third trunk had rot at the bottom, and the top of the fourth tree broke off while being felled. Its full lines, strong frames, and ability to carry several men would have been important elements in the hunting and landing of these animals.


The description of Man and the kayak, the cultural area which the kayak has created in the lives of the Inuits, I hope to have the necessary time to prepare at a later date.

Hjortspring: a Pre-Roman Iron-Age Warship in Context

This can in itself have promoted the formation of political defence alliances in the Early Iron Age. After its conversion, the vessel changed character.

It is cm long and about 18 cm across the widest part. To speed up the survey process, a total station was used to measure hjortsprlng the different structural components of the ships.

On the basis of the dates of construction of the ships and an estimate of their life-span in active service, it can be assumed that the first phases of the Peberrenden barrier was built in the s, and a second phase in the s, and the third phase with several poles post-dates this.

As a contribution to the discussion of the use of leather or wood for the construction of Bronze Age boats, a technologically-based suggestion is made here for the construction of a leather-clad vessel with a framework of stripped saplings continued outboard as horns similar to those seen in rock carvings. In practice, lifting the paddle and taking it forward also consumes energy, giving a mechanical efficiency of ca 0.

In all aspects the Hjortspring boat represents an advanced exploitation of the available technology of the Pre-Roman Iron Age.

New datings of boat parts found inhowever, show that the Haugvik boat find cannot be dated to the Bronze Age, but must be placed in the Pre Roman Iron Age, most likely the 1st or 2nd c. The winged stems were made from local linden, the first of which had to be discarded because of rot.

The dendro-datings suggested that the ship was scuttled in the harbour in at the earliest. The idea for building the reconstruction arose inwhen the town of Nordborg encouraged the development of projects that would make it and the region more widely known. Although not much of the Haugvik boat has been preserved, there is no doubt that the find with its early dating represents an important contribution to Scandinavian ship and boat archaeology; the boat find shows which technological standards existed and were applied in boat building during this period, from which we have so few finds.

The initial scepticism towards the narrow Hjortspring paddles changed to acceptance, following the trials in strong winds and high seas.

The army whose equipment was sacrified in Hjortspring Mose had probably arrived in several boats like that found in the bog. Around BC, the horse-head prow first appears and slightly later, a bird-figure on the backwards-bent gunwale extension also appears; the keel-extension curves markedly upwards forward, while there is still a dipping keel-skeg aft.


Many of the holes had therefore to be covered over and new holes cut beside these. The number of weapons suggests that four Hjortspring-type boats pre-romam probably involved in the attack on Iron-agge. Based on comparanda, the weapons in their totality can date the find to the fourth century BC or about BC. It does not fit within the harbour installations and could therefore have sunk accidentally, or been re-used: Skuldelev 3 was probably of the type referred to as a byrding or skude. Chapter three focuses on the boat reconstruction project, detailing planning, methods, building the Tilia Alsie the reconstruction of a Hjortspring boather sea trials and characteristics and capability calculations.

It is estimated that the present building team might have constructed another similar boat in ca 5, man-hours, compared to the 6, hours spent on Tilia, provided the materials needed were readily at hand.

Measurements of speed over distances of 1, m and m with a flying start gave speeds of 3.

Hjortspring : a pre-Roman Iron-Age warship in context – Ghent University Library

The energy needed at various speeds may then be calculated. Public Private login e. The diagonal bevelling seen on the left side of the piece is not part of its original shape; it is due to decomposition. There is perhaps untapped potential to begin to ironn-age physical experience in the past, to look at more human archaeologies, through this element of the reconstruction project.

Comparisons with similar objects in coin-dated graves and dendrochronological pre-rokan of the ship-graves from Borre, Gokstad and Tune suggest that the burial took place in the period Contezt Ships and Boats of the North 6.

No traces have been found to suggest that the barrier in one or more of its phases was constructed as an enemy action against Roskilde.

The ship is a smallish warship, originally Instead, a metal spike was used to probe is a bog today, was probably a bay in the Bronze Age. The plan was to dig a few trenches in the area where Haugvik had found the boat remains, but one had to give up the project due to problems with water Fig.

These finds and other material suggest that it can only have been quite recently before the Hjortspring deposition that the sword had come into use as a long battle-knife but that spearheads of antler and iron had been in common use throughout the entire period.