Time Duration and Simultaneity . Chia (), inspired by process philosopher Henri Bergson’s thinking about time, argued against the way knowledge about. Bergson. – Duration And Simultaneity [Book Review]. J. Merleau-Ponty Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe. Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Time, Duration and Freedom – Bergson’s Critical Move Against Kant.

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That law implied that a state of uniform motion was indistinguishable from another such state and from a state of rest. Duration therefore implies consciousness; and we place consciousness at the heart of things for the very reason that we credit them with a time that endures. Our attention may turn away from it and, consequently, from its indivisibility; but when we try to cut it, it is as if we suddenly passed a blade through a flame-we divide only the space it occupied. In dividing and measuring the path, we then say we are dividing and measuring the duration of the mo- tion that is tracing it.

The instant is what would terminate a duration if the latter came to a halt. La relativity expose sans formules des theories d’Einstein et refutation des erreurs contenues dans les ouvrages les plus notoires Duree et simultaneite. Turning back from the habitual use of intelligence for needs, intuition, as we can see now, places us above or below representations.

The individual in society may at some time desire to deviate from one particular obligation. Our entire history would then unfold in a measurable time. Luce Irigaray and Henri Bergson. Simulta- neity has changed from real to nominal.

If you abolish my consciousness … matter resolves itself into numberless vibrations, all linked together in uninterrupted continuity, all bound up with each other, and traveling in every direction like shivers. We realize that we can do without certain sensuous goods; we are superior to them since henti have managed to dissociate ourselves simultameity them. The real obeys a certain kind of organization, namely, that of the qualitative multiplicity. Like the descriptions of intuition, this passage describes how we can resolve the images of matter into mobile vibrations.


Duration and Simultaneity

We shall return to this concept of virtuality below. It is easy to say now that the magnitude of the effect was immaterial and that it should have been realized that logically an infinitesimal difference in rate of aging was just as fatal to the relativity postulate as a very large one. In perception — Bergson demonstrates this point through his theory of pure perception — the image of a material thing becomes a representation.

But it is necessary to add that, if this measurement of time by motion is possible, it is, above all, because we are capable of performing motions ourselves and because these motions then have a dual aspect. And he would at the same time have laid down the famous “transformation equations” of Lorentz, equations which, moreover, if we assume Einstein’s more general standpoint, do not imply that system S is defi- nitely stationary.

Lest it should seem too abstract, however, let us apply it to a particular case. We can interiorize the whole, dealing with a single perception that carries along the three flows, mingled, in its course; or we can leave the first two outside and then divide our attention be- tween the inner and the outer; or, better yet, we can do both at one and the same time, our attention uniting and yet dif- ferentiating the three flows, thanks to its singular privilege of being one and several.

In principle this has always been acknowledged, but in science, because of its history— modern science began largely as a revolt against the undue neglect of experience in philoso- phy—the assessment of theories has been left almost entirely to experience. On the one hand, there is Bergson’s constant suspicion of language; for Bergson, as we noted in the discussion of intuition, language is equivalent to symbols.

Henri Bergson (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Furthermore, how can we rank the act by which these real oscillations, elements of a quality and partaking of what bersgon absolute in the quality, are propagated in space with the entirely relative, necessarily re- ciprocal displacement of two systems S and S’ carved more or less artifiaally out of matter?

But I pass through them, and what you perceive from your fixed observatory happens to appear quite differ- ently to me. Request removal from index. If only as a zn:: The first is of two spools, one unrolling to represent the continuous flow of ageing as one feels oneself moving toward the end of one’s life-span, the other rolling up to represent the continuous growth of memory which, for Bergson, equals consciousness.

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His argument consists of four main steps. We need not, therefore, dwell upon the meaning to assign the “distortion of bodies,” the “slowing of time,” and the “rupture of simultaneity” when we believe in the existence of a motionless ether and a privileged system.

My moving system drops them off on the way, so to speak, into the motionless ether, which takes charge of them from then on. Beegson et Wormsp.

It was an attempt anc deter- mine whether the earth, or any other body, had an absolute velocity at all— in other words, whether the Newtonian me- chanical theory or the Maxwell-Lorentz electromagnetic theory was to survive. With very few exceptions, physicists have maintained that the theory of relativity requires asymmetrical aging, notwithstanding the argument just given.

Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Reviewed by

It is in this precise sense that we shall speak of a “system of reference. During the same year he retired from his teaching duties. Thus, hergson grasp duration, one must reverse habitual modes of thought and place oneself within duration by intuition.

These writers give no sign that they know of Einstein’s rejection of such “proof”-or indeed of much else in the history of the subject.

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We may perhaps feel averse to the use of the word “con- sciousness” if an anthropomorphic sense is attached to it- But to imagine a thing that endures, there is no need to take one’s own memory and transport it, even attenuated, into the interior of the thing.

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