Guiera senegalensis is a semi-evergreen to evergreen shrub, usually growing 1 – 3 metres tall, with occasional specimens up to 5 metres. The whole plant is. Guiera senegalensis is an evergreen Shrub growing to m (8ft) by m (8ft) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium. Guiera senegalensis J. F. Gmel. [family COMBRETACEAE]. Herbarium. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Collection. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
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This mixed solution was allowed to stand at room temperature for 5 min and then 1 mL of sodium carbonate solution 75 g L -1 was added. The inhibition activity of extracts or fractions on lipid peroxidation LPO was determined according to the thiobarbit uric acid method.
The proposed mechanisms for their action include 1 direct radical scavenging, 2 inhibition of enzymes, such as NO-synthase, xanthine oxidasecyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase, 3 iron chelation and 4 direct inhibition of lipid peroxidation Xanthopoulou et al.
Biochemica et Biophysica Acta,pp: In Burkina Faso traditional medicine, this plant is used to treat some diseases like cough, dysentery, malaria, diabetes and hypertension. The procedure used for determination of alkalolids in Gs sample is similar senegalfnsis that described by [ 11 ]. Several compounds are absent or present in different quantities from plants from different provenances, indicating the presence of chemotypes.
Gama Pinto, Lisbon, Portugal. Mohammed SY Quantitative phytochemical and elemental analysis of Guiera senegalensis leaf extract. Galls extracts of G senegalensis are rich in totals polyphenol and in totals flavonoid content. Young leaves are chewed against coughs. A negative control was prepared without extract.
Please view the copyright link for more information. The antioxidant activity of carotenoids is based on the radical adducts of carotenoids with free radical s from linoleic acid.
In addition, recent studies demonstrate that an aqueous acetone extract from galls of Guiera senegalensis inhibits in vitro FowlPox Virus growth in secondary CES cells Lamien et al. Total phenols content versus the antioxidant activity: Guiera senegalensis is the only species in gujera genus.
It cannot grow in the shade.
In Western Sudan, people use the aqueous extract of the leaves as a medicine. The values are presented as the means of triplicate analyse.
The powdered plant galls with charcoal are drunk in water as a strong diuretic in oliguria and anuria, as well as cerebral malaria.
Select your language giuera interest to view the total content in guieda interested language. These extracts contain polyphenols compounds that can scavenge free radical s, chelate metal ions and inhibit the lipid peroxidation activity. Different leaf extracts showed significant antibacterial activity in vitro against a range of human pathogenic bacteria. Many of the phenolics have been shown to contain high levels of antioxidant activities.
Anti-diarrhoeal and ulcer-protective effects of the aqueous root extract of Guiera senegalensis in rodents. The tannin 3,4,5-tri-O-galloylquinic acid showed moderate selective inhibition of HIV replication.
They are also similarly used as the leaves and roots to treat malaria, dysentery, diabetes and hypertension. The galls of Guiera senegalensis contain high polyphenols content than that six species of acanthaceae from Burkina Faso Sawadogo et al. The percentage of inhibition effect was calculated according to following equation:. The absorbance was recorded at nm. Our result are in general agreement with that obtained by Ref. Solvents used were supplied by Fluka Chemie, Buchs Switzerland.
Antioxidative activity of some vegetable peels determined in vitro by inducing liver lipid peroxidation. The results could serve for further pharmacological and phytochemical research. This disagreement could be explained by the fact that the present senegqlensis used the aqueous extract of the leaves while Ref.
Xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity of Lychnophora species from Brazil Arnica. Ann Jose ankara escort.
Botanical characterization of Guiera senegalensis leaves.
All extracts were analyzed for polyphenols compounds content. Absorbance readings were then recorded at 20 min intervals until the control sample had changed colour. The observed antibacterial effects of the medicinal plants extracts have been related to the presence of tannins, flavonoids and saponins [ 34 ]. Throughout the experiments, animals were processed according to the suggested international ethical guidelines for the care of laboratory animals.
Chemical and enzymatic analyses of individual samples were performed in triplicates. The mixtures were left for 15 min at room temperature and the absorbance was measured at nm. The petri dishes were incubated for seven days at room temperature. The galls were dried and ground to powder. The branches are softly hairy. Further, the medicinal properties of the phytochemical compounds of Gs need to be further investigated.