FIELD MANUAL No. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Section V – AirLand Battle and Counterguerrilla Operations. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Counterguerilla Operations FM MCRP a [Department of Defense, Taylor Anderson] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The
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He will effect liaison with all forces operating in his area of responsibility, fix specific responsibilities, and exercise overall control of defensive operations in response to a guerrilla threat. Often, the guerrilla strikes in this manner to gain the advantage of surprise. It must be counterguerriola that, in some situations, the political system of the area will be sympathetic to the guerrillas.
They operstions also used to minimize damage to a target if it is attacked. Their combat power may suffer from killed and wounded personnel and lost or damaged equipment, and they may have logistical difficulties. It must be anticipated that nuclear, chemical, and biological, as well as conventional weapons and tactics may be utilized to achieve guerrilla goals. Lack of government opeerations. That situation may occur when US forces operate in captured enemy territory.
In some cases, if the guerrilla force is not too large, then it may rely on captured or improvised equipment and materiel.
Operational planning is conducted as early as possible. Depending on the composition of the guerrilla force, it may have aviation and fire support assets available to it. Techniques and tactics applied successfully in one situation may not be suitable if applied in the same manner in another situation.
It provides planning, training, and operational guidance for commanders and staffs conducting counterguerrilla operations. The greater the control the government has over the situation, the less likely are the chances for insurgent success The opposite is also true: It is analyzed in terms of its effect on men and equipment, trafficability, and visibility.
There can be no revolution without a resistance movement, but there can be a resistance movement without a revolution when the objectives of the resistors do not envision a reallocation of power. Many of the methods of resistance are part of the stock-in-trade of revolutionary activity.
The guerrilla force remains a source of harassment as long as it operates in the rear area. An insurgency implies a situation where a country is threatened by an internal attempt, frequently assisted by external support, to overthrow the legitimate government. The risk to national survival is greatest in a conventional conflict, but the probability of such conflicts occurring is relatively low.
Only if this force uses guerrilla warfare tactics is it considered a guerrilla force. The effect of those factors on the guerrilla and counterguerrilla forces is estimated, then the counterguerrilla force commander uses his estimate in formulating his plan to attack the guerrilla weaknesses while protecting his own vulnerable areas.
FM Table of Contents
Usually, guerrillas operating in a rear area then acquire logistical support from external sources, from captured equipment and supplies, and from the civilian populace. There are three requirements that must exist before an insurgency can occur. These forces generally possess the weapons coknterguerrilla equipment of the main enemy force. Lack of government control may be real or perceived. When US forces operate in captured enemy territory, then the sociological factors may favor the guerrilla force.
In most cases, however, the military objective of destroying the guerrilla force takes precedence over other considerations as long as operations are planned to minimize damage to civilian property. In this manner, an insurgent organization can be considered a type of resistance organization. The guerrilla force may possess weapons, communications, and technology equal to or superior to the rear battle forces. The concept of resistance applies to an organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to resist, oppose, or overthrow the existing government.
If the counterguerrilla force damages civilian property and economic structures, then it may have an adverse psychological impact. vounterguerrilla
Since the guerrilla force may have the capability to use NBC, the effect of weather on NBC and smoke is also addressed. Leadership available for direction. If the guerrilla’s only source of resupply is external, then interdiction of his supply lines can decrease or halt operations as the guerrilla’s supplies are exhausted.
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Some of these factors include the force composition, aviation assets, fire support assets, mobility, equipment, and size of the counterguerrilla force.
Generally, a mild climate favors the guerrilla force since it induces less physical hardship, and may provide year-round vegetation for subsistence, cover, and concealment. When considering the environment that the participants will be involved in, the commander’s plans for counterguerrilla operations must consider terrain and climate, as well as political, sociological, economic, and psychological factors. Offensive and defensive techniques are discussed in Chapter 3.
Terrain affects men, equipment, trafficability, visibility, and the employment of NBC weapons.
U.S. Army Counterguerrilla Operations Manual
It provides planning, training, and operational guidance for commanders and staffs conducting counterguerrilla operations. What may be the least likely course of action for a conventional force may be the most likely for the guerrilla force.
The conditions of conventional conflicts differ greatly from an insurgency. Examples of techniques designed to minimize damage once an action starts include base defense, counterambush, and reaction forces. The basic philosophy of rear battle doctrine counteguerrilla to maximize the capability of combat support and combat service support elements to defend themselves and render mutual support without requiring assistance from tactical combat forces.
If the counterguerrilla force can detect the guerrilla force, then it is only a matter of time until the guerrillas are fixed and engaged.
Because of the capability of NBC weapons to cause a maximum amount of confusion with a limited amount of personnel, their use must be considered as a method that the guerrilla may employ. The weather is analyzed to determine its effect on both the guerrilla and the counterguernlla force. The commander uses one third of the available time for planning and leaves two thirds for subordinate planning and preparation.
Many counterguerrilpa techniques can be used as a type of defensive technique and vice versa. Generally, the relationship between the counterguerrilla force and the civilian population is governed by restrictions and agreements that the US has with the government s of the country or countries in which the conflict takes place.
They are characterized by elusiveness, surprise, and counterguerrilal, violent action.
U.S. Army Counterguerrilla Operations Manual | Public Intelligence
Airborne, counterguerrilal, or waterborne light infantry forces may also compose a guerrilla force if inserted to conduct guerrilla warfare operations disruption, harassment, or confusion. The principles in this manual are guides to be adapted to each counterguerrilla situation. Population support for the goals of the enemy force usually favors the guerrilla.