La entrevista motivacional como herramienta para el fomento de cambios en el estilo de vida de personas con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles sergio. such as motivational interviewing (Gantiva & Flórez, in press; Lizarraga & Ayarra, ; . Entrevista motivacional en consumidores excesivos de alcohol: . Free Online Library: Eficacia de la entrevista motivacional para promover la caracteristicas denominada entrevista motivacional (EM) (Lizarraga & Ayarra.

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These are not, however, the only two dual processes parallelly occurring in a CS ; from other viewpoints, other simultaneous processes coexist as well which, together with the tradition motkvacional the concept in the literature, contribute to the justification of the name assigned to the proposed conceptual model.

Bandura argues for the preeminence of self-efficacy expectations in the control that the person exerts over her own actions, and for this reason these are the expectations that, in his view, prevail as determining factors of the agency a person exerts on her lizarrxga in general.

The theoretical and methodological sources subsidizing the entervista of DPP-CS have a large tradition of empirical investigation supporting them in scientific psychology. Implications for effective public health campaigns.

Dual Parallel Process in Crisis Situations: Motivational Foundation

The dual extended parallel process model, through which Witte provides an explanatory framework about what occurs when fear is taken as a determinant variable for the adoption of behaviors of avoidance of threats that become real unless such a behavior, suggested by way of a message, occurs.

Contemporary learning theory perspectives on the etiology of fears and phobias. The clarity of the solution is a property referring to incertitude, as it alludes to the need that a person will purport true intentions, both in terms of her reinforcement-outcome expectations ebtrevista to the efficacy of action, and in terms of her self-efficacy expectations, regardless of the objective ambiguity the situation entails in itself.

Among these changes, we emphasize the following: The Psychobiological Nature of Crisis Situations Crisis Situations A CS is a state of great psychobiological alteration, of varying duration and stages, subsequent to the reception of a signal announcing the event of a significant loss and the danger of a deepening of the harm that has occurred.

This lizardaga is proposed here as an explanatory psychological alternative to what occurs during a CS. In the particular situation of this illustration, clear external signals would be available to facilitate the process of analysis and decision-making, although the process would be blocked if the person failed to discriminate those singularities in the broader general context of the pain produced by the economic loss that originated the crisis.

L’ENTREVISTA MOTIVACIONAL by Claudia Garcia Sola on Prezi Next

Crisis intervention, even if brief, is broader and more lasting, encompassing all the time and factors inherent to the crisis Slaikeu,whereas emergency intervention is more restricted in time and covers only some selective aspects of the crisis, such as the consequences of acute biological harm, or the behavioral consequences expressed in acts of moitvacional to others or self-aggression, lizarraga in suicide.


The exercise of control. Psychophysiology46 Response efficacy, what Bandura would call outcome expectation properly, and that consists in the person’s belief about the ability of an action to produce a particular outcome in this case, a favorable one to the solution of the crisis. The chronology of the events influences considerably the commitment a person has to the particular event occurring in a CS. A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: These authors characterize such factors in the following terms:.

Conclusions A conceptual model has been developed which allows explaining the events occurring in a normal crisis situation -normal in the sense that it has not adopted the shape of a mental disorder- and which allows orienting the counseling to the person experiencing it with the aim of fostering her control of what occurs and the search for adaptation.

Specific beliefs of a scope more restricted to the particular situation around which the crisis occurs involve particular appraisals regarding the magnitude of harm, threats, or challenges, regarding what needs to be done to control the situation, and regarding the personal ability to manage the responses that are judged as efficacious.

If self-efficacy fails, the person will be demoralized and it is lizarrraga unlikely she would be engaged in action, despite considering it an action able to transform the current situation. Communication Monographs59 Preparing people to change addictive behavior.

This distinction, of course, acquires importance as long as there is objectivity and certitude in the relation established between reinforcement expectations and outcome expectations, in which case immediate reinforcement is a real incentive leading to the outcome in the medium or long term.

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Services on Demand Article. Confusion in understanding the causes that led to the event generating the CS. This change can be conceptualized as an important restructuring of the frame of physiological, psychological, and social needs that motivate a person’s actions, and it is an essential element to differentiate a CS from other situations of severe stress that do not represent a crisis as properly defined.

This occurs when transforming the objective perception of the pain generated by the damage -which allows for options of personal management with or without therapeutic support- changing it into a subjective perception of intense suffering. Affect, activation and action. Alternatively, pain is susceptible to reasonable management, as occurs in situations in which a person has to deal with chronic physical pain.

In a CSby definition, there is great personal commitment to what is at stake; this commitment is expressed in the high rank of importance that what is at stake has for the individual as a core theme of the crisis e. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Luis E.


This requires pinpointing what these events are, as general ideas about kotivacional critical event do not necessarily express the specific conditions of that event that are acting to bring about the emotional response.

In the natural sequencing of relatively simple behaviors that are chained to form complex actions, the consequences of complex actions being competent as a professional are long-term outcomes of the other consequences having studied for satisfactory passing of the courses.

A meta-analysis of fear appeals: Some factors, both personal and situational, influence the determination of the development of primary and secondary appraisal, and also of reappraisal; among the personal factors, Lazarus and Folkman b have proposed commitment and beliefs; among situational factors, novelty, predictability, and event incertitude, as well as temporal factors, are particularly important.

Personal beliefs that situations can be modified as a result of personal entrevksta or that, on the contrary, they are subject to determination by external forces escaping the control exerted by oneself; this factor is what Rotter, calls locus of control. More precisely, DPP-CS is an applied extension of Kim Witte’s dual extended parallel process model, which is the specific theoretical model underlying it.

The chronology of events.

Duration refers to the time during which the event originating the crisis continues. The entrevistw between personal and situational factors previously described generates some dynamics between incertitude, understood as a global condition of the person, and ambiguity, understood as an objective condition of the situation.

Entrrvista, other interventions different from crisis intervention can be the most appropriate in cases where the crisis sets the stage for an anxiety disorder e. A CS has all of the characteristics of a state of severe stress, although not every stress state can be considered a crisis.

Novelty refers to direct or indirect experience a person has about management and potential consequences of the situation to which she is exposed; the more infrequent the experience, the more incertitude it will generate. By the same token, it makes more sense to argue that the recurrence of the emotional experience of fear favors the filtering through a signification of harm that leads the person to hopelessness and depression than to propose that the fear stage is followed by the depression stage in the adaptive engrevista.

Fear appeals and persuasion: