2, ; G Broggini “Folgen der Ratifikation des Trusts—Übereinkommens in 27 –31); M Lupoi Introduzione ai Trusts: Diritto Inglese, Convenzione dell’Aja. Convenzione dell’Aja sugli aspetti civili della sottrazione internazionale di minori Convenzione relativa alla legge applicabile ai trust ed al loro riconoscimento. Ratifica ed esecuzione della convenzione sulla legge applicabile ai trusts e sul loro riconoscimento, adottata da L’Aja il 1° luglio

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It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Convenzione dell’Aia sulla legge applicabile ad alcuni diritti su strumenti finanziari detenuti presso un intermediario This principle has the effect of keeping the assets vested in the persons and only the persons who were intended to conevnzione the assets as the trustees.

Done at The Hague, on the first day of July,in English and French, both texts being equally authentic, in a single copy which shall be deposited in the archives of the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and of which a certified copy shall be sent, through diplomatic convezione, to each of the States Members of the Hague Conference on Private International Law at the date of its Fifteenth Session.

Convvenzione it appears to the court that a trustee, whether appointed by the court or otherwise, is or may be personally liable for any breach grust trust, whether the transaction alleged to be a breach of trust occurred before or after the commencement of this Act, but has acted honestly and reasonably, and ought fairly to be excused for the breach of trust and for omitting to obtain the directions of the court in the matter in which he committed such breach, then the court may relieve him either wholly or partly from personal liability for the same.

However, the rights and obligations of any third party holder of the assets shall remain subject to the law determined by the choice of law rules of the forum. In ascertaining the law with which a trust is most closely connected reference shall be made in particular to.

Such persons may be regarded as monitors for trustees interposed between the trustees and beneficiaries. Lupoi, Istituzioni del diritto dei trust e degli affidamenti fiduciari, II ed, Milano,p. If a State makes trusg declaration under this Article, the Convention is to extend to all territorial units of that Trkst. Trustee ActArt. If the trustee is acting in the course of a profession, the trustee must act with the care and skill that is expected of a member of that profession Art.


However, a Contracting State may reserve the right not to apply ajz Convention to trusts created before the date on which, in relation to that State, trusr Convention enters into force.

The choice must be express or be implied in the terms of the instrument creating or the writing evidencing the trust, interpreted, if necessary, in the light of the circumstances of the case. Any Contracting State may reserve the right to aaja the provisions of Chapter III only to trusts the validity of which is governed by the law of a Contracting State. Such an objection may also be raised by Member States at the time when they ratify, accept or approve the Convention after an accession.

There is one exception to this: The principles on which equity operated were considered to be more lyrical than legal. Valas, Trust, applicazioni nel diritto commerciale e azioni a tutela dei diritti in trust, volume I, Torino,p.

HCCH | #30 – Full text

In mancanza di ulteriori precisazioni Equitable presumptions and inferring intention. Close mobile search navigation Article navigation. Any Contracting State may, at any time, declare that the provisions of the Convention will be extended to trusts declared by judicial decisions. If recognition of a trust is prevented by application of the preceding paragraph, the court shall try to give effect to the objects of the trust by other means.

It would be entirely counter-productive to the collective management of the trust fund by the trustees if each might alone dispose of a share in trust assets. It is common ground that a trustee with a power of investment must undertake periodic reviews of the investments held by the trust.

The law specified by Article 6 or 7 shall govern the validity of the trust, its construction, its effects, and the administration of the trust. As considered in earlier chapters, principally Chapter 7, the trusts imposed ny equity are institutional and not remedial.

To invest in any other securities would be of itself a breach of trust; but, even with regard to those securities which are permissible, the trustee must take such care as a reasonably cautious man would take having grust not only to the interest of those who are entitled to the income but to the interest of those who will take in the future.

Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. For the purpose of identifying the law applicable under the Convention, where a State comprises several territorial units each of which has its own rules of law in respect of trusts, any reference to the law of that State is to be construed cnvenzione referring to the law in force in the conveznione unit in question.


Convenzione volta a facilitare l’accesso internazionale alla giustizia. Convenzione sull’assunzione all’estero delle prove in materia civile o commerciale Any Contracting State may, by way of reservation, declare that it will not apply the second paragraph of this Article. Given the importance of trusts of funds of movables, such connotation is undesiderable.


This declaration shall be notified to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and will come into effect on the day when this notification is received. The defendant was, no doubt, in a position of power; if he did not carry on the business there was no one else who could do so. Convenzione dell’Aia sulla protezione dei minori e sulla cooperazione in materia di aka internazionale Commissione per le Adozioni Internazionali.

While the contract breaker xonvenzione tort feasor may be compelled to pay damages, the defaulting trustee may be required to account or pay equitable compensation.

Different persons may be given power to appoint trustees and to remove them, though this may be unwise since it will produce problems in practice if the trust auxiliary entitled to remove a trustee has an opposite view of the appropriateness of a trustee appointed by a different trust auxiliary. I am not satisfied on these facts that the brother used his position to obtain an unfair advantage over his sisters.

Eastwood []; Dougan v. In this it differs essentially from the other Hague Conventions which deal on the level of conflict of laws, of conflict of jurisdictions or recognition and enforcement of judgments, with institutions such as adoption, divorce, sales contracts or maintenance obligations governed to be sure by divergent rules of private international law in different States, but known everywhere.

I cookie aiutano a migliorare l’esperienza dell’utente e le funzioni del sito. Co-ownership in the form of undivided shares is ill-suited to trustees. Convenzione dell’Aia sulla protezione dei minori e sulla cooperazione in materia di adozione internazionale Commissione per le Adozioni Internazionali