TITLE: The Catalan Atlas. DATE: AUTHOR: Abraham Cresques. DESCRIPTION: This ‘atlas’ was the work of a family of Catalonian Jewish chart. This page contains the translations into English the legends of the Catalan Atlas ( ) as they appear in the different panels of this work attributed to Cresques. En pocas ocasiones un Mapamundi anónimo y sin fecha se ha podido documentar tan ampliamente como el Atlas Catalán que guarda la Biblioteca Nacional.
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The Western Mediterranean Kingdoms, It has been noted that the Catalan Atlas behaves as a sort of encyclopaedic compilation of European knowledge of atlws world in the late th century derived from the travel writings of sailors and explorers such as Marco Polo. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository.
Reproduction of Catalan Atlas by Abraham Cresques circa Stock Photo: – Alamy
Marco Polo was a Venetian merchant traveler and the most famous Westerner to have traveled on the Silk Road. The section to the right translates as: This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Atlas Catalan is the most important map of the medieval period in the Catalan language drawn and xatalan in The following other wikis use this file: Enter your log in email address and we’ll send you a link to reset your password. The highly-pure Tadmekka gold coins would have been a prized commodity for early West African pilgrims making their way across the Sahara.
The Catalan Atlas originally consisted of six vellum leaves each circa 65cm by 50cm folded vertically, painted in various colors including gold and silver.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Place names of important ports are transcribed in red, while others are indicated in black. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas: The conception of the world and its cartographic representation greatly changed in Europe during the High Middle Ages.
He excelled all the other travelers in his determination, The Catalan Atlas, The explanatory texts report customs described by Polo and catalogue local economic resources, real or supposed. The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that ” faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain “.
The Catalan Atlas of contains a multitude of detail that can help scholars understand the imperial preoccupations of the Crown of Aragon in the late fourteenth century. These preoccupations were reflected in cartography as well, and signaled a shift in the European view of the world. This photographic reproduction is therefore also considered to be in the public domain in the United States. If the file has been modified catalaj its original state, some details may not fully reflect the modified file.
File Atlas Catalan Abraham – Wikipedia
It falsely assumes that the Crown of Aragon and its Mediterranean possessions were unified under the king in Barcelona. A Short History Oxford, This is a featured picture on the English language Wikipedia Featured pictures and is considered one of the finest images.
On the other hand, Majorca—the homeland of the cartographer Abraham Cresques—is not only depicted as part of the Aragonese Crown using the senyerabut is also completely shaded in red and gold, perhaps to signify its prominence within the Aragonese confederation in the Mediterranean. A brief look at the author of the Catalan Atlas, Abraham Cresques, indirectly reveals a great deal about another aspect of the Aragonese imperium in the Mediterranean: This is a featured picturewhich means that members of the community have identified it as one of the finest images on the English Wikipedia, adding significantly to its accompanying article.
This was the case with Abraham Cresques, who was directly commissioned by Pedro IV, king of Aragon, to produce the Catalan Atlas, which he completed in The Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in between an Iberian Christian coalition and the Almohads ended in an overwhelming victory for the Spanish Christians, essentially ending Muslim domination over most of central Iberia for the first time in years.
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Sea Charts of the Early Explorers: The Catalan Expedition to the East: In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The fact that the Aragonese confederacy was largely held together by commercial and strategic considerations may help to explain why many modern scholars would find the non-political aspects of the Catalan Atlas more useful in understanding the imperial preoccupations of the Crown of Atlaa than in attempting to explain the selective use of iconography.
The first known portolan appeared in Europe near the end of the 13 th century, and was developed by the Catalans, especially those in Majorca, and the Italians.
University of Pennsylvania Press: The Aragonese imperium was a loss confederacy held together more by economic and strategic considerations than by sheer political or military might.
Horizontal resolution 96 dpi Vertical resolution 96 dpi. This page was last edited on 16 Mayat First compass rose depicted on a map, detail from the Catalan Atlasattributed to cartographer Abraham Cresques of Majorca.
Since their rise to power in the mid-thirteenth century, the Aragonese had pursued a policy of imperial maritime expansion, driven by religious fervor, strategic considerations, and, actalan, by economic interests.
Atlas from the 14th century attributed to Abraham Cresques. What constitutes a map? One of the most striking features of the Atlas, in contrast with later maps, is the almost total lack of borders and boundaries.