Northrop Fryes Theory of Archetypes Compiled by Dilip Barad Dept. of English, M.K. Bh. It was not until the work of the Canadian literary critic Northrop Frye that archetypal criticism was theorized in purely literary terms. The major. “The Archetypes of Literature” by Northrop Frye – Free download as PDF File .pdf ), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Northrop Frye. The Kenyon Review, Vol.

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Cities, temples, precious stones, etc.

The Jungian archetypal approach treats literary texts as an avenue in which primordial images are represented. Literaure is called the inductive method of analysis under structural criticism, and Frye discusses this in detail in this section of the essay.

Welcome: Northrop Frye: The Archetypes of Literature

It was not until the work of the Canadian literary critic Northrop Frye that archetypal criticism was theorized in purely literary terms. The birth of the hero. Frye, however, did not follow the other two major names in the field of criticism based on archetypes. In literature rhythm means the narrative and the narrative presents all the events and episodes as a sequence and hastens action.

What notrhrop the sources of its origin? After discussing the central pattern of the comic vision and the tragic vision in a myth, Frye introduces W. The sunset, autumn and death phase.

Literary Criticism and Lirerature. The hero is absent. For Frye, literary archetypes “play an essential role in refashioning the material universe into an alternative verbal universe that is humanly intelligible and viable, because it is adapted to essential human needs and concerns” Abrams It arvhetypes easiest to understand them with the help of examples.

April is the cruelest month…. Archetypal criticismarchetypes of literaturecarl jungcollective unconsciousnessgolden boughjames frazermaud baudkinmythos gridNorthrop Frye. Not only symbols, images and myths are archetypal; even genres are archetypal. Pattern in a Aechetypes. Physics and Astronomy archetypfs their scientific significance and they arcbetypes accepted as branches of science during the Renaissance.


That is, the critic moves from the general truth a myth to an elucidation of the particular truth the truth of why a character behaves so in a text.

The field has not seen much evolution since then and is not much in practice at present. A Theory of Modes,” nortrop Criticism: Sun fire and sky are closely related: Romance and summer are paired together because summer is the culmination of life in the seasonal calendar, and the romance genre culminates with some sort lirerature triumph, usually a marriage.

It is noted for its darkness, dissolution, the return of chaos, and the defeat of the heroic figure. Such myths are the archetypes of tragedy and elegy. Based on this concept, a work of literature may be critically or scientifically evaluated, says Northrop Frye. He published his first book, Fearful Symmetry: Vegetation is represented by the formations like gardens, parks and og in case of comic; in case of tragic, it is present in form of wild forest or barren land.

The book is a highly original study of the poetry of Blake and it is considered a classic critical work. For instance Beckett ‘s Waiting For Godot is considered a tragicomedya play with elements of tragedy and satire, with the implication that interpreting textual elements in the play becomes difficult as the two opposing seasons and conventions that Frye associated with genres are pitted against each other.

Quest – Myth In addition to the four categories of myths mentioned above, Northrop Frye discusses the quest-myth also which was supposed to have been developed from the four types of myths.

Studies in Poetic Mythology is a critical work published in In his analysis, a literary critic considers God as an archetype of man who is portrayed as a hero in a work. A critic studies a work and finds out whether an author is free from textual interference. This type of formalistic or structural criticism will help the readers in understanding a text only to some extent.


Metaphor – The ship plowed through the sea. Posted by Dilip Barad at A few commonly used examples of metonymy are: Frazer and Jung contend that in the development of a myth the central figure or central significance is the most important factor and many writers have accepted this view.

Also, spring symbolizes the defeat of winter and darkness. She was renowned for her knowledge of drugs and herbs. Rhythm in music is temporal and pattern in painting is spatial.

The archetypes of literature – Northrop Frye – UGC NET English

Towards the close of the first section, Frye contends that structural criticism will help a reader in understanding a text, and in his analysis, he proceeds inductively. It is the duty of an archetypal critic to analyse myths and establish the meaning and message of a work.

But either of them alone does not explain a work completely. There are myths dealing with the birth of a hero, his revival and resurrection, defeat of the powers of darkness and death.

Archetypal literary criticism

Falstaffthe bawdy, rotund comic knight. A meaningless criticism will not help a reader in developing a systematic structure of knowledge about a work of literature.

Hamletthe self-doubting hero and the initiation archetype with the three stages of separation, transformation, and return. There is a type of criticism, which focuses only on an analysis of a text. In this essay printed in introduction to conclusion for M.

Frye died in