Index. ▫Jain Agam (Canonical) Literature ƒ Definition ƒ Classification ƒ Listings of Sutras ƒ Summary of Agams by Jainsects ƒ History of Preservation ƒ Agam. The Agama scriptures have been composed by Lord Tirthankaras by way of their meanings, whereas by ‘Sutra’ they have been composed by Lord Gandharas. Phone:: +91 22 1. ĀGAMA – AN INTRODUCTION (English): This booklet provides a brief summary of each Āgama with a few key sutras highlighted.
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This is the oldest agam from a linguistic point of view. Hence the existing Agam-sutras which are accepted by the Swetambar sects are not accepted by them as authentic scriptures.
This agam explains the results of good and bad karmas through several stories. These are believed to suteas originated from Rishabhanathathe first tirthankara.
It also describes and explains the conduct of good and bad monks. Ang-agams are the oldest religious scriptures and the backbone of Jain literature.
This agam provides a description of Jambudveepa. The daily rituals or routines which it is necessary to perform during the day and night for the purification of soul are called Avashyaka. This anuyoga consists of the following texts, which contain philosophical doctrine, theories, metaphysics, Tattvajnan, and like literature. Sturas text contains six volumes.
Many Tamil classics are written by Jains or with Jain beliefs and values as the core subject. All ten princes fought with King Chetaka of Vaishali in cooperation with king Konika. This agam defines and catalogues the main substances of agma Jain religion from a different perspective than the Sthananga Sutra.
Jain Agam Literature
The different Jain sects accept different numbers of Ang-bahya texts. Therefore the scriptures were not documented in any form but were memorized by ascetics and passed on by oral tradition to future generations of ascetics.
This agam describes the universe and the subtle description of all living beings souls of the universe. Ang-agams or Ang-pravista-agams Ang-bahya-agams outside of Ang-agams Ang-agams or Ang-pravista-agams: For example, almost all early Kannada literature and many Tamil works were written by Jains.
This agam explains differences in the death of children, youths, adults, and old people. Kalpa Vatansika Sutra Kappavadamsiao: This agam tells the stories of ten sacred monks attaining liberation Moksha by destroying their karmas.
Later, when the Jain congregation relaxed the vow of non-possession with regards to religious scriptures for ascetics, they had already forgotten much of the oldest canonical literature such as fourteen Purva Agams and the rest were polluted with modifications and errors. Jain literature is classified into two major categories: Edited by Ian Whicher and David Carpenter.
This agam describes the names, positions, and residences of Devas angels that live in heaven. This page was last edited on 11 Julyat They orally compiled the direct preaching of Lord Mahavir into twelve main texts sutras.
This agam describes the Sun, the planets and the associated mathematics regarding their motion. This agam contains the stories of additional ten sacred monks who attained the top-most heaven, known as Anuttara heaven. This agam explains Jain principles through examples and stories.
However, with time, it became difficult to keep the entire Jain literature committed to memory. Collectively these texts are called Ang-bahya-agams meaning outside of Ang-agams. Jain literature is primarily divided between Digambara literature and Svetambara literature. This anuyoga expounded the texts which had mathematical view points.
Jain Literature Jain literature is classified into two major categories: Siddha-Hem-Shabdanushasana” by Acharya Hemachandra c.
The scriptures which are essential for monks and nuns to study in the early stages of their ascetic life are called Mool-sutras. No documentation occurred during the first conference but during the second and third conferences most of the scriptures, commentaries, and other works were documented.
They renounced the world and became monks. After his death, the king was born as a deva in heaven. Agam literature consists of many texts, which are the sacred books of the Jain religion. Also there occurred a twelve years of famine around BC.
This agam describes the story of Monk Keshi. During the course of time, it became extremely difficult to keep memorizing the entire Jain literature Agm sutras and Commentary literature compiled by the many scholars of the past and present.
The description, which is found in the other Jain Sutras relating to Drashtivada, indicates that this Ang-agam was the largest of all Agam Sutras. Ang Agam sutras contain direct preaching of Lord Mahavir. This sutra explains the daily sturas the monks and nuns have to perform.
Angbayha Agam sutras provide further explanation of Ang Agam sutras. These texts are known as Ang-agams.