ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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Pingree, David February 1, He did not go on about deeds that each one carried out during their reign, which keeps in line with Al-Biruni’s mission to try to stay away from political histories.

International Journal of Sciences. Nevertheless, agu managed to become the most original polymath the Islamic world had ever known. At an early age, the fame of his scholarship went around and when Sultan Mahmood Ghaznawi conquered his homeland, he took al-Biruni along with him in his journeys to India several times and thus he had the opportunity to travel all over India during a period of 20 years. The phenomena of statics were studied by using the dynamic approach so that two trends — statics and dynamics — turned out to be inter-related within a single science, mechanics.

Al-Biruni collected books and studied with these Hindu scholars to become fluent in Sanskrit, discover and translate into Arabic the mathematics, science, medicine, astronomy and other fields of arts as practiced in 11th-century India. The stones adorning the hilt and scabbard of the sword have talismanic significance. Hindus considered Muslims violent and impure, and did not want to share rsihan with them.

Retrieved August 20, There he corresponded with Avicenna [19] and there are extant exchanges of views between these two scholars. Astronomers by century CE AD. Byzantine science Chinese astronomy Medieval European science Indian astronomy.


University of Chicago Press. The result of his discovery of radius measurement was due to Biruni’s arduous research about the earth.


Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science. Little is known of his early life. There was a problem with your submission. You need to log in or register to comment. Most scholars, including al-Biruni, were taken to Ghazni, the capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty. Of rraihan own personal background even less is known.

Kitab al-Kimya Kitab al-Sab’een Picatrix.

Al-Biruni summary

Little is known of his early life. An imaginary rendition of Al Biruni on a Soviet post stamp. Wikiquote has quotations related to: He deduced its existence on the basis of al-blruni accurate estimations of the Earth’s circumference and Afro-Eurasia ‘s size, which he found spanned only two-fifths of the Earth’s circumference, and his discovery of the concept of specific gravityfrom which he deduced that the geological processes that gave rise to Eurasia must’ve also given rise to lands in the vast ocean between Asia and Europe.

In his major extant astronomical work, the Mas’ud CanonBiruni utilizes his observational data to disprove Ptolemy’s immobile solar apogee.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abu Rayhan al-Biruni. The lack of description of battle and politics makes those parts of the picture completely lost.

Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

The work includes research on a vast array of topics of Indian culture, including descriptions of their traditions and customs. Retrieved 11 September Al-Biruni’s Discovery of India: Geography and cartography in medieval Islam. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

He was forty-four years old when he went raihwn the journeys with Mahmud of Ghazni. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

Different forts and al-biruhi were able to be located, legitimizing Al-Biruni’s contributions with their usefulness to even modern history and archeology. Historical Eclipses and Earth’s Rotation.


It raihann only hundreds of years later in the West, that his books became read and referenced again, especially his book on India which became relevant to the British Empire’s activity in India from the 17th century.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This question is al–biruni difficult to solve. Retrieved 22 June There he wrote his first important work, al-Athar al-Baqqiya ‘an al-Qorun al-Khaliyya literally: His relatively minor works are only minor in size, for they are at least as sophisticated as his major works.

But, his details are brief and mostly just list rulers without referring to their real names. His endorsement of astrology is limited, in so far as he condemns horary astrology [25] as ‘sorcery’. He documented different bodies of water and other natural phenomena. The Cambridge History of Iran: His only other competing encyclopaedic work, in terms of depth and extent of coverage, is The Chronology of Ancient Nationswhich is devoted to a universal anthropological account of various cultures and which even records the lore of long-dead cultures or of other cultures that were about to disappear.

He developed a method for trisection of angle and other problems which cannot be solved with a ruler and a compass alone. Moreover, Hindus in 11th century India had suffered waves of destructive attacks on many of its cities, and Islamic armies had taken numerous Hindu slaves to Persia, which—claimed Al-Biruni—contributed to Hindus becoming ao-biruni of all foreigners, not just Muslims.